Presentations by the four participating cleantech cluster organisations followed by discussion revealed the following findings:
- The location of cluster companies, their employees and their markets are not confined to the territory that the single cluster organizations are mandated to cover, in fact a number of companies have operations in multiple cleantech clusters in the BSR.
- All cleantech clusters emphasize on internationalization in their business development services. Over time this has led to ad hoc cleantech cluster-to-cluster cooperation within the BSR. Beyond the BSR, the Finnish Cleantech Cluster plays a leading role in the Global Cleantech Cluster Association (GCCA), where Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster (CCC) is also a member – though CCC is more involved with the International Cleantech Network (ICN). Sustainable Business Huband Bornholm Bright Green Island are not members of international cleantechcluster networks but work nevertheless extensively with foreign partners. The sameis the case for the cleantech cluster proponents in Kaliningrad. There seem to be anopportunity for all clusters to cross-fertilize their international cooperation efforts.
- All cleantech clusters are faced with an increasing request from cluster companies to improve business access to “nearby markets” i.e. within the Baltic Sea Region.Thus cluster-to-cluster cooperation with the objective to facilitate business-tobusinesscooperation and trade within the BSR is much in demand on the side ofbusiness.
- In terms of BSR vis-à-vis the rest of the world, it was largely agreed that foreign companies and investors do not so much look to individual cleantech clusters in the BSR but rather at the attractiveness/competitiveness of the BSR macro-region. Realizing this makes the case for pursuing joint (rather than individual) market expansion activities, whether be it in terms gaining access to far away markets or interms foreign investment attraction.
- Another point of departure for cooperation is benchmarking activities that by comparing cleantech cluster best practices within the BSR will support the cleantech cluster organizations to deliver improved business development services. It was clear from the discussion, that the various clusters have different sets of uniqueness. Some are strong in entrepreneurship, others in match-making, othersin demonstration/solutions and yet others in testing and simulation. Sharing knowledge and experiences will build competitiveness across clusters.
The following cluster proponents participated at the meeting in Copenhagen:
· Douglas Almquist, Administrative Director, Sustainable Business Hub, Malmø
· Johanna Kilpi-Koski, Development Manager, Finnish Cleantech Cluster
· Michael Johansen, Head of Business Development, Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster
· Lasse Kramp, Project Manager, Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster
· Fredrik Romberg, Director, Bright Green Island – Business Center Bornholm
· Arne Grove, Director, Nordic Council of Ministers Information Office in Kaliningrad
· Olga Kovaleva, Project Coordinator, Nordic Council of Ministers Information Office in Kaliningrad
· Sidsel Greven, Project Manager, Femern Belt Development
· Lovisa Selander, Head of Water and Enviromental Affairs, Baltic Development Forum
· Lise Lyck, Centre Director, Centre for Tourism and Culture Management, CBS
· Mads Willemoes, Research Assistant, Centre for Tourism and Culture Management, Copenhagen Business School